EFFECT OF HEALTH EDUCATION ABOUT HYPERTENSION TO LEVEL OF KNOWLEDGE ABOUT HYPERTENSION CONTROL IN ELDERLY AT PUSKESMAS SIGALUH 1 BANJARNEGARA
Gayon Nosaria¹, Kirnantoro², Siti Fadlilah³
Background: Hypertension is now becoming a serious public healt problem, because if uncontrolled, it will result in dangerous complication. The elderly often face structural and functional damage to the aorta, which is the big artery carrying blood from the heart, worsening the hardening of the vein and in turn increasing the blood pressure. Preliminary study at PuskesmasSigaluh 1 Banjarnegra showed that there were 130 cases of hypertension in October 2011, 140 cases in November, and 68 cases in December.
Objective: To find effect of health education about hypertension to level of knowledge about hypertension control in elderly at PuskesmasSigaluh 1 Banjarnegra.
Research method: This research was a quantitative research with the research design of Pre Experimental Design with One Group Pre-test Post-test Design. Its population was the elderly with hypertension at PuskesmasSigaluh 1 Banjarnegara. Sampling technique used was purposive sampling with 40 respondents.
Result: Respondents level of knowledge before health education about hypertension (Pre-test) was mostly medium with 32 respondents (80%), and after the education process (Post-test) was mostly high with 34 respondents (85%). Bivariat analysis result with Wilcoxon Match Pairs Test statistics test showed p value of 0,000 or <0,05, and the value of Z -5,099 or >Z table 1,96.
Conclusion and advice: There was effect of health education about hypertension to level of knowledge about hypertension control in elderly at PuskesmasSigaluh 1 Banjarnegara. Elderly people had better find information on how to control hypertension.
Keywords: Health education about hypertension, level of knowledge about hypertension control, and elderly.
Student of Bachelor’s Degree of Nursing Study of Respati University of Yogyakarta.
2Lecturer of Health Polytechnic of Yogyakarta Ministry of Health.
3 Lecturer of Respati University of Yogyakarta.